Asymmetry correction by adipose tissues transplantation
Adipose tissue (body fat) transplantation is expected to become a commonplace method in breast reconstruction in future. Adipose tissue has a lot of stem cells that can transform into the required tissue. Adipose tissue is taken, for example, from the abdominal region by liposuction using a water jet and then moved to the breast area. The reconstruction of a medium-size breast needs 4–5 adipose tissue transfers. The post-mastectomy scar is in most cases so hard that it cannot be expanded without using a prosthesis for tissue expansion (expander).
Thus breast reconstruction by means of adipose tissue transplantation is rather a hard process and takes a lot of time. According to the present research data, only about 60% of the transferred adipose cells remain alive.
Adipose tissue transplantation is suitable for the correction of moderate breast asymmetry. This method allows the elimination of congenital differences between the breasts as well as the correction of the possible size difference between a reconstructed breast and the patient’s own breast. By means of 3D breast measurement preceding the operation and by using flap transplants, every effort is made to obtain breasts of equal size during one operation. If additional correction is needed, the breast shape can be adjusted by means of adipose tissue transplantation in conjunction with nipple formation.